This model is open source, view the source code and learn how it works on github: https://github.com/philJam/energymodel. Comment on the model and see what further development is planned here. Other variants of the model are available here. You can also download the full ten year hourly model used for ZCB here.

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ZERO CARBON ENERGY MODEL

Hourly zero carbon energy model for the UK.

Display:


SUPPLY


Supply
GW
Onshore wind Solar Wave
Offshore wind Hydro Tidal
Geothermal heat Solar thermal Nuclear
Backup capacity

BiomassTWh/yr


APPLIANCES, LIGHTING & COOKING


ElectricitySolidGasLiquid
all TWh/yr

HEATING


Number of buildings (millions) Average heat loss rate W/K Total heat loss rateGW/°C
Hot water (heat)TWh/yr Heat storageGWh

Direct electricHeat pumpsSolidGasLiquidCHP(s)CHP(g)CHP(l)
% heat demand met by...
Heatpump COP (at 10°C)

TRANSPORT


Electric trains Electric vehicles Hydrogen vehicles
Number of passengers (million) Number of vehicles (million) Number of vehicles (million)
Average annual train miles Average annual miles driven Average annual miles driven
Average kWh per 100 p-km Average miles per kWh Average miles per kWh
Electric train energy demand: TWh/yr Electric vehicle energy demand: TWh/yr

Hydrogen energy demand: TWh/yr




Aircraft Liquid fuel surface vehicles Other
Number of passengers (million) Number of vehicles (million) Transport solid demand
Average annual air miles Average annual miles driven Transport gas demand
Average kwh per 100 p-km Average miles per kWh Transport liquid demand
Aircraft liquid fuel demand: TWh/yr Vehicle liquid fuel demand: TWh/yr


INDUSTRY


ElectricitySolidGasLiquidCHP(s)CHP(g)CHP(l)Hydrogen
all TWh/yr
% of industrial electricity demand deferrable

ELECTRIC STORE


Store max discharge rate (GW) Store max charge rate (GW) Store max capacity (GWh)
Store discharge efficiency Store charge efficiency Store start capacity (GWh)

HYDROGEN & SYNTHETIC FUELS


Electrolysis capacityGW Use hydrogen for synthetic fuels
Hydrogen store capacityGWh
Biogas/synthetic gas store capacityGWh


OUTPUT


Supply Demand Electric store
Offshore wind TWh/yr Total heat demand TWh/yr Max discharge rate GW
Onshore wind TWh/yr Max charge rate GW
Solar TWh/yr Total electricity demand TWh/yr Lowest capacity GWh
Hydro TWh/yr Highest capacity GWh
Wave TWh/yr Unmet electricity demand TWh/yr Total charge TWh/yr
Tidal TWh/yr Max shortfall GW Total discharge TWh/yr
Nuclear TWh/yr Total loss TWh/yr
Excess generation TWh/yr End capacity level GWh
Backup generation TWh/yr
Backup capacity used GW

Hydrogen produced TWh/yr Hydrogen used TWh/yr Unmet hydrogen demand TWh/yr
Biomass produced TWh/yr Biomass used TWh/yr Biomass surplus TWh/yr

Solid biomass fuel TWh/yr Solid fuel demand TWh/yr Solid fossil fuel demand TWh/yr
Biogas/synthetic gas TWh/yr Gas fuel demand TWh/yr Gas fossil fuel demand TWh/yr
Biofuel/synthetic liquid TWh/yr Liquid fuel demand TWh/yr Liquid fossil fuel demand TWh/yr

Residual Emissions

MtCO2/yr

This model is open source, view the source code and learn how it works on github: https://github.com/philJam/energymodel. Comment on the model and see what further development is planned here. Other variants of the model are available here. You can also download the full ten year hourly model used for ZCB here.